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Proceedings Paper

Beam shaping diffractive optical elements for high power laser applications
Author(s): Andrew J. Waddie; Adam J. Caley; Mohammad R. Taghizadeh; Keren K. Jobbins
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Paper Abstract

Diffractive Optical Elements (DOEs) are lightweight, thin optical components with many applications in laser beam-shaping. In this paper we consider the application of DOEs for coupling of high power Nd:YAG laser light to fibre For the laser system in question intra-cavity DOEs are considered for the generation of a super-Gaussian cavity mode, while an extra-cavity element is considered for shaping the beam to produce a profile suitable for fibre coupling. The arrangement to be considered in our application involves coupling a 100mJ, 20ns pulse laser beam of 5mm diameter into 3 fibres, each with a core diameter of 400μm, positioned in an equilateral triangle formation with a centre to centre spacing of 2mm. The threshold power density for the fibres is 4.5GW/cm2. 512x512 pixel DOEs with 16 phase levels have been optimized using the iterative Fourier transform algorithm (IFTA). The optimized element produces spots with a radius of 14 diffraction orders. The modeled efficiency of the element is 91.4% with a peak power of 1.26GW/cm2. Experimental measurements using a low power 633nm source equate to a peak power of 2.65GW/cm2 for the high power laser, well within the damage threshold.

Paper Details

Date Published: 3 September 2008
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 7070, Optical Technologies for Arming, Safing, Fuzing, and Firing IV, 70700H (3 September 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.796278
Show Author Affiliations
Andrew J. Waddie, Heriot-Watt Univ. (United Kingdom)
Adam J. Caley, Heriot-Watt Univ. (United Kingdom)
Mohammad R. Taghizadeh, Heriot-Watt Univ. (United Kingdom)
Keren K. Jobbins, Atomic Weapons Establishment plc (United Kingdom)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7070:
Optical Technologies for Arming, Safing, Fuzing, and Firing IV
Fred M. Dickey; Richard A. Beyer, Editor(s)

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