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Proceedings Paper

Design of multilayered grating couplers as key elements of a fully integrated IR-absorption sensor
Author(s): Juergen Kasberger; Bernhard Jakoby
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Paper Abstract

For the online characterization of fluids regarding their chemical composition, the miniaturization of an IR-absorption sensor at application-specific distinguished wavelengths for the mid-IR-region promises outstanding features. Utilizing micromachining technology facilitates the integration of all required components (including thermal emitter and detector) into a complete sensor system. The absorption is sensed in the evanescent field of an appropriately designed slab mono-mode waveguide (ZnSe, n=2.42) residing on a BaF2-substrate (n=1.44), which represents the central element of the system. A typical application for such a system is, e.g., the characterization of engine oil oxidation in terms of the absorption at 5.85 μm as an indicator for deterioration. The thermal generation and detection of mid-IR-radiation is preferred over expensive and sophisticated quantum well devices. However, the spatial and non-coherent character of thermally generated IR-radiation requires an extension of the numerical methods established for coherent light sources for a proper design of the system's grating couplers, which act as key elements determining the system performance. These couplers yield efficient coupling into and out of the sensing waveguide and provide the required spectral filtering at the same time. In the actually projected implementation, a multilayer waveguide Si/BaF2/ZnSe is used, where the silicon substrate practically represents a rear-reflector in the grating region featuring several advantages compared to simpler grating couplers. In this contribution we discuss the modelling of the coupling of non-coherent, thermally generated and detected IR-radiation by means of these multilayer grating couplers in the context of a fully integrated IR-absorption sensor system.

Paper Details

Date Published: 2 September 2008
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 7055, Infrared Systems and Photoelectronic Technology III, 705508 (2 September 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.794756
Show Author Affiliations
Juergen Kasberger, Integrated Microsystems Austria (Austria)
Bernhard Jakoby, Johannes Kepler Univ. Linz (Austria)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7055:
Infrared Systems and Photoelectronic Technology III
Eustace L. Dereniak; Randolph E. Longshore; Ashok K. Sood; John P. Hartke; Paul D. LeVan, Editor(s)

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