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Proceedings Paper

Study of the defects in GaN epitaxial films grown on sapphire by HVPE
Author(s): Zhanhui Liu; Xiangqian Xiu; Lin Chen; Rong Zhang; Zili Xie; Ping Han; Yi Shi; Shulin Gu; Youdou Zheng
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Paper Abstract

In this paper, the defects in hexagonal GaN epitaxial layers grown on (0001) sapphire (Al2O3) substrates by HVPE with a horizontal tube reactor had been studied. The GaN epitaxial layers were etched by means of defect-selective etching (Orthodox etching in molten KOH). The samples were characterized by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and Cathodoluminescence spectra (CL). From surface morphology and cross-sectional images, the defects could be divided into various types: cracks, low angle grain boundary (LAGB), nano-pipes and dislocations. These different defects were discussed. The cracks were proposed as related to the strain. And the strain could not only come from the lattice mismatch and thermal mismatch between sapphire and GaN layer in their interface, but also from the HVPE growth process. It was found that these screw, mixed and edge type dislocations formed small hexagonal pits after etching. Some pits would be observed in the area near LAGB. Additionally, by CL mapping technique, some non-radiative recombination centers without surface terminations could be probed optically.

Paper Details

Date Published: 11 March 2008
PDF: 4 pages
Proc. SPIE 6984, Sixth International Conference on Thin Film Physics and Applications, 698423 (11 March 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.792015
Show Author Affiliations
Zhanhui Liu, Nanjing Univ. (China)
Nanjing Univ. of Information Science & Technology (China)
Xiangqian Xiu, Nanjing Univ. (China)
Lin Chen, Nanjing Univ. (China)
Rong Zhang, Nanjing Univ. (China)
Zili Xie, Nanjing Univ. (China)
Ping Han, Nanjing Univ. (China)
Yi Shi, Nanjing Univ. (China)
Shulin Gu, Nanjing Univ. (China)
Youdou Zheng, Nanjing Univ. (China)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6984:
Sixth International Conference on Thin Film Physics and Applications
Wenzhong Shen; Junhao Chu, Editor(s)

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