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Proceedings Paper

Implementation and optimization of an improved morphological filtering algorithm for speckle removal based on DSPs
Author(s): Qitao Liu; Yingchun Li; Huayan Sun; Yanzhong Zhao
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Paper Abstract

Laser active imaging system, which is of high resolution, anti-jamming and can be three-dimensional (3-D) imaging, has been used widely. But its imagery is usually affected by speckle noise which makes the grayscale of pixels change violently, hides the subtle details and makes the imaging resolution descend greatly. Removing speckle noise is one of the most difficult problems encountered in this system because of the poor statistical property of speckle. Based on the analysis of the statistical characteristic of speckle and morphological filtering algorithm, in this paper, an improved multistage morphological filtering algorithm is studied and implemented on TMS320C6416 DSP. The algorithm makes the morphological open-close and close-open transformation by using two different linear structure elements respectively, and then takes a weighted average over the above transformational results. The weighted coefficients are decided by the statistical characteristic of speckle. This algorithm is implemented on the TMS320C6416 DSPs after simulation on computer. The procedure of software design is fully presented. The methods are fully illustrated to achieve and optimize the algorithm in the research of the structural characteristic of TMS320C6416 DSP and feature of the algorithm. In order to fully benefit from such devices and increase the performance of the whole system, it is necessary to take a series of steps to optimize the DSP programs. This paper introduces some effective methods, including refining code structure, eliminating memory dependence, optimizing assembly code via linear assembly and so on, for TMS320C6x C language optimization and then offers the results of the application in a real-time implementation. The results of processing to the images blurred by speckle noise shows that the algorithm can not only effectively suppress speckle noise but also preserve the geometrical features of images. The results of the optimized code running on the DSP platform show that the optimized outcome realizes better instruction-level parallelism and pipeline operation and the program is proved to be reliable, effective and high real time.

Paper Details

Date Published: 5 March 2008
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 6623, International Symposium on Photoelectronic Detection and Imaging 2007: Image Processing, 662321 (5 March 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.791546
Show Author Affiliations
Qitao Liu, The Academy of Equipment Command & Technology (China)
Yingchun Li, The Academy of Equipment Command & Technology (China)
Huayan Sun, The Academy of Equipment Command & Technology (China)
Yanzhong Zhao, The Academy of Equipment Command & Technology (China)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6623:
International Symposium on Photoelectronic Detection and Imaging 2007: Image Processing
Liwei Zhou, Editor(s)

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