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Proceedings Paper

Effective permittivity and permeability of two-dimensional photonic crystals
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Paper Abstract

We present the results of rigorous numerical calculations of the dependence of the reflection coefficient of a semi-infinite two-dimensional photonic crystal on the angle of incidence of the incoming plane wave. We show that, contrary to some results published earlier, this coefficient is not strictly real even outside the crystal bandgaps. We also propose a definition of the effective permittivity and permeability μ of a truncated photonic crystal and specify the symmetry conditions to be satisfied by the truncation plane and the dominant crystal eigenmode to assure continuity of ε and μ when the mode character changes from propagating to evanescent. The value of the reflection coefficient obtained by treating the crystal as a homogeneous medium with ε and μ defined in the proposed way is shown to be a good approximation to the rigorous value in a wide range of angles of incidence, extending beyond that corresponding to propagating crystal modes.

Paper Details

Date Published: 6 May 2008
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 6987, Metamaterials III, 698726 (6 May 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.786339
Show Author Affiliations
Wojciech Śmigaj, Institut Fresnel - CNRS (France)
Boris Gralak, Institut Fresnel - CNRS (France)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6987:
Metamaterials III
Nigel P. Johnson; Ekmel Özbay; Nikolay I. Zheludev; Richard W. Ziolkowski, Editor(s)

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