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Proceedings Paper

The assessment of phase only filters in imaging systems by the classical optical merit functions
Author(s): Rosemarie Hild; Juan Campos; Maria Yzuel; Claudio Iemmi; Roger Gimeno; Juan Carlos Escalera
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Paper Abstract

Spatial light modulators (SLM) have found a wide range of applications in many fields of optical imaging and measurement systems. We implement different phase only filters in the pupil plane of an imaging system. The phase only filter is divided in five equally spaced annuli. Each annulus has a different phase transmission and inside each annulus the phase is constant. We analyse first the influence of linear decreasing or increasing phase, second we use one phase annulus with a phase shift of π in different positions over the pupil and finally an alternating phase between 0 and π over the pupil. Merit functions of the different filters are calculated. The radial and axial point spread function (PSF) or the 3D line spread function show that in some cases these phase only filters will shift the best image plane. The experimental results show the close correlation to the calculated shift of the best image plane. The strong side lobes that appear in the merit functions lead to the conclusion that the image quality will be influenced as well. This can be confirmed by the calculation and the measurement of the image intensity. So in order to get more information about the expected image it is necessary to study the 3D modulation transfer function (MTF). With the MTF one can see that the contrast decreases for the image obtained with each filter in comparison with the image obtained with the clear pupil. The conclusion of our work is, that it is necessary to study the influence of all merit functions in order to design an optimum filter for a given application.

Paper Details

Date Published: 25 April 2008
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 7000, Optical and Digital Image Processing, 700018 (25 April 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.783811
Show Author Affiliations
Rosemarie Hild, Univ. of Applied Sciences (Germany)
Juan Campos, Univ. Autónoma de Barcelona (Spain)
Maria Yzuel, Univ. Autónoma de Barcelona (Spain)
Claudio Iemmi, Univ. de Buenos Aires (Argentina)
Roger Gimeno, Univ. Autónoma de Barcelona (Spain)
Juan Carlos Escalera, Univ. Autónoma de Barcelona (Spain)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7000:
Optical and Digital Image Processing
Peter Schelkens; Touradj Ebrahimi; Gabriel Cristóbal; Frédéric Truchetet, Editor(s)

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