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Proceedings Paper

Empirical performance of the spectral independent morphological adaptive classifier
Author(s): Joel B. Montgomery; Christine T. Montgomery; Richard B. Sanderson; John F. McCalmont
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Paper Abstract

Effective missile warning and countermeasures continue to be an unfulfilled goal for the Air Force including the wider military and civilian aerospace community. To make the necessary detection and jamming timeframes dictated by today's proliferated missiles and near-term upgraded threats, sensors with required sensitivity, field of regard, and spatial resolution are being pursued in conjunction with advanced processing techniques allowing for detection and discrimination beyond 10 km. The greatest driver of any missile warning system is detection and correct declaration, in which all targets need to be detected with a high confidence and with very few false alarms. Generally, imaging sensors are limited in their detection capability by the presence of heavy background clutter, sun glints, and inherent sensor noise. Many threat environments include false alarm sources like burning fuels, flares, exploding ordinance, and industrial emitters. Spectral discrimination has been shown to be one of the most effective methods of improving the performance of typical missile warning sensors, particularly for heavy clutter situations. Its utility has been demonstrated in the field and on-board multiple aircraft. Utilization of the background and clutter spectral content, coupled with additional spatial and temporal filtering techniques, have yielded robust adaptive real-time algorithms to increase signal-to-clutter ratios against point targets, and thereby to increase detection range. The algorithm outlined is the result of continued work with reported results against visible missile tactical data. The results are summarized and compared in terms of computational cost expected to be implemented on a real-time field-programmable gate array (FPGA) processor.

Paper Details

Date Published: 17 April 2008
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 6968, Signal Processing, Sensor Fusion, and Target Recognition XVII, 69681M (17 April 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.778704
Show Author Affiliations
Joel B. Montgomery, M&M Aviation (United States)
Christine T. Montgomery, M&M Aviation (United States)
Richard B. Sanderson, Air Force Research Lab. (United States)
John F. McCalmont, Air Force Research Lab. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6968:
Signal Processing, Sensor Fusion, and Target Recognition XVII
Ivan Kadar, Editor(s)

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