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Proceedings Paper

A distributed database view of network tracking systems
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Paper Abstract

In distributed tracking systems, multiple non-collocated trackers cooperate to fuse local sensor data into a global track picture. Generating this global track picture at a central location is fairly straightforward, but the single point of failure and excessive bandwidth requirements introduced by centralized processing motivate the development of decentralized methods. In many decentralized tracking systems, trackers communicate with their peers via a lossy, bandwidth-limited network in which dropped, delayed, and out of order packets are typical. Oftentimes the decentralized tracking problem is viewed as a local tracking problem with a networking twist; we believe this view can underestimate the network complexities to be overcome. Indeed, a subsequent 'oversight' layer is often introduced to detect and handle track inconsistencies arising from a lack of robustness to network conditions. We instead pose the decentralized tracking problem as a distributed database problem, enabling us to draw inspiration from the vast extant literature on distributed databases. Using the two-phase commit algorithm, a well known technique for resolving transactions across a lossy network, we describe several ways in which one may build a distributed multiple hypothesis tracking system from the ground up to be robust to typical network intricacies. We pay particular attention to the dissimilar challenges presented by network track initiation vs. maintenance and suggest a hybrid system that balances speed and robustness by utilizing two-phase commit for only track initiation transactions. Finally, we present simulation results contrasting the performance of such a system with that of more traditional decentralized tracking implementations.

Paper Details

Date Published: 16 April 2008
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 6969, Signal and Data Processing of Small Targets 2008, 696915 (16 April 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.778039
Show Author Affiliations
Jason Yosinski, Numerica Corp. (United States)
Randy Paffenroth, Numerica Corp. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6969:
Signal and Data Processing of Small Targets 2008
Oliver E. Drummond, Editor(s)

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