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Proceedings Paper

Radar attenuation in desert soil
Author(s): Gary Koh
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Paper Abstract

Soil properties make a significant impact in the observed responses of various sensors for subsurface target detection. Ground penetrating radars (GPRs) have been extensively researched as a tool for subsurface target detection. A key soil parameter of interest for evaluating GPR performance is the soil attenuation rate. The information about the soil attenuation rate coupled with target properties (size, shape, material properties and depth of burial) can be used to estimate the effectiveness of radar sensors in a particular soil environment. Radar attenuation in desert soil is of interest in today's political and military climate. Laboratory measurements of desert soil attenuation were conducted using samples collected from a desert in Southwestern United States and in Iraq. These measurements were made in a coaxial waveguide over the frequency ranging from 250 MHz to 4 GHz. The soil grain size distribution, mineralogy, moisture and salinity were also measured. This report describes the experimental procedure and presents the radar attenuation rates observed in desert soils. The results show that the soluble salt content is an important parameter affecting the attenuation behavior of desert soils.

Paper Details

Date Published: 29 April 2008
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 6953, Detection and Sensing of Mines, Explosive Objects, and Obscured Targets XIII, 69530X (29 April 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.777816
Show Author Affiliations
Gary Koh, U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Ctr. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6953:
Detection and Sensing of Mines, Explosive Objects, and Obscured Targets XIII
Russell S. Harmon; John H. Holloway Jr.; J. Thomas Broach, Editor(s)

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