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Proceedings Paper

Efficient sensor network vehicle classification using peak harmonics of acoustic emissions
Author(s): Peter E. William; Michael W. Hoffman
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Paper Abstract

An application is proposed for detection and classification of battlefield ground vehicles using the emitted acoustic signal captured at individual sensor nodes of an ad hoc Wireless Sensor Network (WSN). We make use of the harmonic characteristics of the acoustic emissions of battlefield vehicles, in reducing both the computations carried on the sensor node and the transmitted data to the fusion center for reliable and effcient classification of targets. Previous approaches focus on the lower frequency band of the acoustic emissions up to 500Hz; however, we show in the proposed application how effcient discrimination between battlefield vehicles is performed using features extracted from higher frequency bands (50 - 1500Hz). The application shows that selective time domain acoustic features surpass equivalent spectral features. Collaborative signal processing is utilized, such that estimation of certain signal model parameters is carried by the sensor node, in order to reduce the communication between the sensor node and the fusion center, while the remaining model parameters are estimated at the fusion center. The transmitted data from the sensor node to the fusion center ranges from 1 ~ 5% of the sampled acoustic signal at the node. A variety of classification schemes were examined, such as maximum likelihood, vector quantization and artificial neural networks. Evaluation of the proposed application, through processing of an acoustic data set with comparison to previous results, shows that the improvement is not only in the number of computations but also in the detection and false alarm rate as well.

Paper Details

Date Published: 16 April 2008
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 6963, Unattended Ground, Sea, and Air Sensor Technologies and Applications X, 69630P (16 April 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.777073
Show Author Affiliations
Peter E. William, Univ. of Nebraska, Lincoln (United States)
Michael W. Hoffman, Univ. of Nebraska, Lincoln (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6963:
Unattended Ground, Sea, and Air Sensor Technologies and Applications X
Edward M. Carapezza, Editor(s)

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