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Proceedings Paper

A theory of large deformation in soft active materials
Author(s): Zhigang Suo; Xuanhe Zhao; Wei Hong; Jinxiong Zhou; William H Greene
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Paper Abstract

Soft active materials have many important applications. We develop a theory of large deformation in a family of soft active materials known as dielectric elastomers. We show that the Maxwell stress is not applicable to deformable dielectrics in general, and that the effect of electric field on deformation is material specific. Based on available experimental data, we construct for a class of model materials, which we call ideal dielectric elastomers, a free-energy function comprising contributions from stretching and polarizing. We show that the free-energy function is typically non-convex, causing the pull-in instability of dielectric elastomers.

Paper Details

Date Published: 10 April 2008
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 6927, Electroactive Polymer Actuators and Devices (EAPAD) 2008, 692710 (10 April 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.777067
Show Author Affiliations
Zhigang Suo, Harvard Univ. (United States)
Xuanhe Zhao, Harvard Univ. (United States)
Wei Hong, Harvard Univ. (United States)
Jinxiong Zhou, Harvard Univ. (United States)
Xi'an Jiaotong Univ. (China)
William H Greene, Coventor Inc. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6927:
Electroactive Polymer Actuators and Devices (EAPAD) 2008
Yoseph Bar-Cohen, Editor(s)

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