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Proceedings Paper

A correlation between extensional displacement and architecture of ionic polymer transducers
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Paper Abstract

Ionic polymer transducers (IPT), sometimes referred to as artificial muscles, are known to generate a large bending strain and a moderate stress at low applied voltages (<5V). Bending actuators have limited engineering applications due to the low forcing capabilities and the need for complicated external devices to convert the bending action into rotating or linear motion desired in most devices. Recently Akle and Leo reported extensional actuation in ionic polymer transducers. In this study, extensional IPTs are characterized as a function of transducer architecture. In this study 2 actuators are built and there extensional displacement response is characterized. The transducers have similar electrodes while the middle membrane in the first is a Nafion / ionic liquid and an aluminum oxide - ionic liquid in the second. The first transducer is characterized for constant current input, voltage step input, and sweep voltage input. The model prediction is in agreement in both shape and magnitude for the constant current experiment. The values of α and β used are within the range of values reported in Akle and Leo. Both experiments and model demonstrate that there is a preferred direction of applying the potential so that the transducer will exhibit large deformations. In step response the model well predicted the negative potential and the early part of the step in the positive potential and failed to predict the displacement after approximately 180s has elapsed. The model well predicted the sweep response, and the observed 1st harmonic in the displacement further confirmed the existence of a quadratic in the charge response. Finally the aluminum oxide based transducer is characterized for a step response and compared to the Nafion based transducer. The second actuator demonstrated electromechanical extensional response faster than that in the Nafion based transducer. The Aluminum oxide based transducer is expected to provide larger forces and hence larger energy density.

Paper Details

Date Published: 10 April 2008
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 6927, Electroactive Polymer Actuators and Devices (EAPAD) 2008, 69270J (10 April 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.776475
Show Author Affiliations
Barbar J. Akle, Lebanese American Univ. (Lebanon)
Andrew Duncan, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State Univ. (United States)
Donald J. Leo, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6927:
Electroactive Polymer Actuators and Devices (EAPAD) 2008
Yoseph Bar-Cohen, Editor(s)

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