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Proceedings Paper

Vibration control of hysteretic systems via neural network adaptive backstepping
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Paper Abstract

In this paper, an intelligent control methodology is proposed to mitigate earthquake vibrations in a building. The structure object of study is a 10-story building whose base is isolated by means of a passive actuator and an MR damper. The system has uncertain parameters and nonmeasurable variables that must be accounted for in order to gain good control performance. Besides, the system is subject to unknown perturbations (incoming earthquakes). An adaptive backstepping controller is designed to generate the actuator control signal based on the base velocity and displacement measurements as well as on the dynamics of the base isolation system. Uncertainty in structure stiffness and damping coefficients are compensated by parameter adaptation. The MR damper can be modeled by the well known Bouc-Wen model. However, this model contains an unmeasurable variable, z, that describes the hysteretic behavior, so it must be estimated. A neural network approximator is proposed to estimate the unmeasurable variable. This way, the hysteresis effect is modeled by the neural network. The control performance is verified by simulations performed in MATLAB/Simulink using common earthquakes such as those of El Centro and Taft.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 April 2008
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 6932, Sensors and Smart Structures Technologies for Civil, Mechanical, and Aerospace Systems 2008, 69322U (8 April 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.776066
Show Author Affiliations
Mauricio Zapateiro, Univ. of Girona (Spain)
Ningsu Luo, Univ. of Girona (Spain)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6932:
Sensors and Smart Structures Technologies for Civil, Mechanical, and Aerospace Systems 2008
Masayoshi Tomizuka, Editor(s)

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