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Proceedings Paper

Research on techniques for computer three-dimensional simulation of satellites and night sky
Author(s): Guangwei Yan; Haitao Hu
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Paper Abstract

To study space attack-defense technology, a simulation of satellites is needed. We design and implement a 3d simulating system of satellites. The satellites are rendered under the Night sky background. The system structure is as follows: one computer is used to simulate the orbital of satellites, the other computers are used to render 3d simulation scene. To get a realistic effect, a three-channel multi-projector display system is constructed. We use MultiGen Creator to construct satellite and star models. We use MultiGen Distributed Vega to render the three-channel scene. There are one master and three slaves. The master controls the three slaves to render three channels separately. To get satellites' positions and attitudes, the master communicates with the satellite orbit simulator based on TCP/IP protocol. Then it calculates the observer's position, the satellites' position, the moon's and the sun's position and transmits the data to the slaves. To get a smooth orbit of target satellites, an orbit prediction method is used. Because the target satellite data packets and the attack satellite data packets cannot keep synchronization in the network, a target satellite dithering phenomenon will occur when the scene is rendered. To resolve this problem, an anti-dithering algorithm is designed. To render Night sky background, a file which stores stars' position and brightness data is used. According to the brightness of each star, the stars are classified into different magnitude. The star model is scaled according to the magnitude. All the stars are distributed on a celestial sphere. Experiments show, the whole system can run correctly, and the frame rate can reach 30Hz. The system can be used in a space attack-defense simulation field.

Paper Details

Date Published: 12 November 2007
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 6795, Second International Conference on Space Information Technology, 67954X (12 November 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.774997
Show Author Affiliations
Guangwei Yan, North China Electric Power Univ. (China)
Haitao Hu, North China Electric Power Univ. (China)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6795:
Second International Conference on Space Information Technology
Cheng Wang; Shan Zhong; Jiaolong Wei, Editor(s)

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