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Proceedings Paper

Diffraction order control in overlay metrology: a review of the roadmap options
Author(s): Mike Adel; Daniel Kandel; Vladimir Levinski; Joel Seligson; Alex Kuniavsky
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Paper Abstract

Resolution enhancement in advanced optical lithography will reach a new plateau of complexity at the 32 nm design rule manufacturing node. In order to circumvent the fundamental optical resolution limitations, ultra low k1 printing processes are being adopted, which typically involve multiple exposure steps. Since alignment performance is not fundamentally limited by resolution, it is expected to yield a greater contribution to the effort to tighten lithographic error budgets. In the worst case, the positioning budget usually allocated to a single patterning step is divided between two. A concurrent emerging reality is that of high order overlay modeling and control. In tandem with multiple exposures, this trend creates great pressure to reduce scribeline target real estate per exposure. As the industry migrates away from metrology targets formed from large isolated features, the adoption of dense periodic array proxies brings improved process compatibility and information density as epitomized by the AIM target1. These periodic structures enable a whole range of new metrology sensor architectures, both imaging and scatterometry based, that rely on the principle of diffraction order control and which are no longer aberration limited. Advanced imaging techniques remain compatible with side-by-side targets while scatterometry methods require grating-over-grating targets. In this paper, a number of different imaging and scatterometry architectures are presented and compared in terms of random errors, systematic errors and scribespace requirements. It is asserted that an optimal solution must combine the TMU peak performance capabilities of scatterometry with the cost of ownership advantages of target size and multi-layer capabilities of imaging.

Paper Details

Date Published: 14 March 2008
PDF: 19 pages
Proc. SPIE 6922, Metrology, Inspection, and Process Control for Microlithography XXII, 692202 (14 March 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.773243
Show Author Affiliations
Mike Adel, KLA-Tencor Corp. (Israel)
Daniel Kandel, KLA-Tencor Corp. (Israel)
Vladimir Levinski, KLA-Tencor Corp. (Israel)
Joel Seligson, KLA-Tencor Corp. (Israel)
Alex Kuniavsky, KLA-Tencor Corp. (Israel)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6922:
Metrology, Inspection, and Process Control for Microlithography XXII
John A. Allgair; Christopher J. Raymond, Editor(s)

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