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Proceedings Paper

Reconstruction artifacts in VRX CT scanner images
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Paper Abstract

Variable Resolution X-ray (VRX) CT scanners allow imaging of different sized anatomy at the same level of detail using the same device. This is achieved by tilting the x-ray detectors so that the projected size of the detecting elements is varied to produce reconstructions of smaller fields of view with higher spatial resolution. As with regular CT scanners, the images obtained with VRX scanners are affected by different kinds of artifacts of various origins. This work studies some of these artifacts and the impact that the VRX effect has on them. For this, computational models of single-arm single-slice VRX scanners are used to produce images with artifacts commonly found in routine use. These images and artifacts are produced using our VRX CT scanner simulator, which allows us to isolate the system parameters that have a greater effect on the artifacts. A study of the behavior of the artifacts at varying VRX opening angles is presented for scanners implemented using two different detectors. The results show that, although varying the VRX angle will have an effect on the severity of each of the artifacts studied, for some of these artifacts the effect of other factors (such as the distribution of the detector cells and the position of the phantom in the reconstruction grid) is overwhelmingly more significant. This is shown to be the case for streak artifacts produced by thin metallic objects. For some artifacts related to beam hardening, their severity was found to decrease along with the VRX angle. These observations allow us to infer that in regular use the effect of the VRX angle artifacts similar to the ones studied here will not be noticeable as it will be overshadowed by parameters that cannot be easily controlled outside of a computational model.

Paper Details

Date Published: 18 March 2008
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 6913, Medical Imaging 2008: Physics of Medical Imaging, 691337 (18 March 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.773031
Show Author Affiliations
David A. Rendon, Univ. of Tennessee Health Science Ctr. (United States)
Frank A. DiBianca, Univ. of Tennessee Health Science Ctr. (United States)
Gary S. Keyes, Univ. of Tennessee Health Science Ctr. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6913:
Medical Imaging 2008: Physics of Medical Imaging
Jiang Hsieh; Ehsan Samei, Editor(s)

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