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Proceedings Paper

Investigation of new flow modifying endovascular image-guided interventional (EIGI) techniques in patient-specific aneurysm phantoms (PSAPs) using optical imaging
Author(s): J. R. Sherman; H. S. Rangwala; C. N. Ionita; A. C. Dohatcu; J. W. Lee; D. R. Bednarek; K. R. Hoffmann; S. Rudin
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Paper Abstract

Effective minimally invasive treatment of cerebral bifurcation aneurysms is challenging due to the complex and remote vessel morphology. An evaluation of endovascular treatment in a phantom involving image-guided deployment of new asymmetric stents consisting of polyurethane patches placed to modify blood flow into the aneurysm is reported. The 3D lumen-geometry of a patient-specific basilar-artery bifurcation aneurysm was derived from a segmented computed-tomography dataset. This was used in a stereolithographic rapid-prototyping process to generate a mold which was then used to create any number of exact wax models. These models in turn were used in a lost-wax technique to create transparent elastomer patient-specific aneurysm phantoms (PSAP) for evaluating the effectiveness of asymmetric-stent deployment for flow modification. Flow was studied by recording real-time digitized video images of optical dye in the PSAP and its feeding vessel. For two asymmetric stent placements: through the basilar into the right-posterior communicating artery (RPCA) and through the basilar into the left-posterior communicating artery (LPCA), the greatest deviation of flow streamlines away from the aneurysm occurred for the RPCA stent deployment. Flow was also substantially affected by variations of inflow angle into the basilar artery, resulting in alternations in washout times as derived from time-density curves. Evaluation of flow in the PSAPs with real-time optical imaging can be used to determine new EIGI effectiveness and to validate computational-fluid-dynamic calculations for EIGI-treatment planning.

Paper Details

Date Published: 20 March 2008
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 6918, Medical Imaging 2008: Visualization, Image-Guided Procedures, and Modeling, 69181V (20 March 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.772583
Show Author Affiliations
J. R. Sherman, Univ. at Buffalo (United States)
H. S. Rangwala, Univ. at Buffalo (United States)
C. N. Ionita, Univ. at Buffalo (United States)
A. C. Dohatcu, Univ. at Buffalo (United States)
J. W. Lee, Univ. at Buffalo (United States)
D. R. Bednarek, Univ. at Buffalo (United States)
K. R. Hoffmann, Univ. at Buffalo (United States)
S. Rudin, Univ. at Buffalo (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6918:
Medical Imaging 2008: Visualization, Image-Guided Procedures, and Modeling
Michael I. Miga; Kevin Robert Cleary, Editor(s)

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