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Proceedings Paper

A first principles atmospheric propagation & characterization tool: the laser environmental effects definition and reference (LEEDR)
Author(s): Steven T. Fiorino; Richard J. Bartell; Matthew J. Krizo; Gregory L. Caylor; Kenneth P. Moore; Thomas R. Harris; Salvatore J. Cusumano
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Paper Abstract

The Air Force Institute of Technology Center for Directed Energy (AFIT/CDE) has developed a first principles atmospheric propagation and characterization model called the Laser Environmental Effects Definition and Reference or LEEDR. This package enables the creation of profiles of temperature, pressure, water vapor content, optical turbulence, and atmospheric particulates and hydrometeors as they relate to line-by-line layer extinction coefficient magnitude at wavelengths from the UV to the RF. Worldwide seasonal, diurnal, and geographical variability in these parameters is accessed from probability density function (PDF) databases using a variety of recently available resources to include the Extreme and Percentile Environmental Reference Tables (ExPERT), the Master Database for Optical Turbulence Research in Support of the Airborne Laser, and the Global Aerosol Data Set (GADS). GADS provides aerosol constituent number densities on a 5° x 5° grid worldwide. ExPERT mapping software allows the LEEDR operator to choose from specific site or regional upper air data to characterize correlated molecular absorption, aerosol absorption and scattering by percentile. The integration of the Surface Marine Gridded Climatology database, the Advanced Navy Aerosol Model (ANAM), and the Navy Surface Layer Optical Turbulence (NSLOT) model provides worldwide coverage over all ocean regions on a 1° x 1° grid. Molecular scattering is computed based on Rayleigh theory. Molecular absorption effects are computed for the top 13 absorbing species using line strength information from the HITRAN 2004 database in conjunction with a community standard molecular absorption continuum code. Aerosol scattering and absorption are computed with the Wiscombe Mie model. Each atmospheric particulate/hydrometeor is evaluated based on its wavelength-dependent forward and off-axis scattering characteristics and absorption effects on laser energy delivered at any wavelength from 0.355 μm to 8.6 m. LEEDR can also produce correlated optical turbulence profiles in percentile format. In addition, probability of cloud free line of sight (CFLOS) for hundreds of land sites worldwide is available in LEEDR. Effects of layers of fog, several types of rain and several types of water droplet and ice clouds can also be considered. In addition to describing some of the underlying theory to the LEEDR calculations, this paper presents graphical results for several different scenarios. These generic scenarios are meant to exemplify how LEEDR enables the physically realistic data capture of atmospheric effects on electromagnetic propagation.

Paper Details

Date Published: 25 February 2008
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 6878, Atmospheric Propagation of Electromagnetic Waves II, 68780B (25 February 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.763812
Show Author Affiliations
Steven T. Fiorino, Air Force Institute of Technology (United States)
Richard J. Bartell, Air Force Institute of Technology (United States)
Matthew J. Krizo, Air Force Institute of Technology (United States)
Gregory L. Caylor, Air Force Institute of Technology (United States)
Kenneth P. Moore, Air Force Institute of Technology (United States)
Thomas R. Harris, Air Force Institute of Technology (United States)
Salvatore J. Cusumano, Air Force Institute of Technology (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6878:
Atmospheric Propagation of Electromagnetic Waves II
Olga Korotkova, Editor(s)

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