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Proceedings Paper

Laser radiation bracket debonding
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Paper Abstract

Ceramic brackets are an aesthetic substitute for conventional stainless steel brackets in orthodontic patients. However, ceramic brackets are more brittle and have higher bond strengths, which can lead to bracket breakage and enamel damage during classical type of debonding. This study examined the possibility of laser radiation ceramic brackets removing as well as the possible damage of a surface structure of hard dental tissue after this procedure. Two types of lasers were used for the experiments - a laser diode LIMO HLU20F400 generating a wavelength of 808 nm with the maximum output power 20W at the end of the fiber (core diameter 400 &mgr;m, numerical aperture 0.22). As a second source, a diode-pumped Tm:YAP laser system generating a wavelength of 1.9 &mgr;m, with up to 3.8 W maximum output power was chosen. For the investigation, extracted incisors with ceramic brackets were used. In both cases, laser radiation was applied for 0.5 minute at a maximum power of 1 W. Temperature changes of the irradiated tissue was registered by camera Electrophysics PV320. After the interaction experiment, the photo-documentation was prepared by the stereomicroscope Nikon SMZ 2T, Japan. The surface tissue analysis was processed in "low vacuum" (30 Pa) regime without desiccation. This technique was used to record back-scattered electron images. Selecting the appropriate laser, resin, and bracket combination can minimize risks of enamel degradation and make debonding more safe.

Paper Details

Date Published: 27 February 2008
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 6843, Lasers in Dentistry XIV, 684304 (27 February 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.762256
Show Author Affiliations
Tat'jana Dostálová M.D., Charles Univ. (Czech Republic)
Helena Jelínková, Czech Technical Univ. (Czech Republic)
Jan Šulc D.D.S., Czech Technical Univ. (Czech Republic)
Petr Koranda, Czech Technical Univ. (Czech Republic)
Michal Nemec, Czech Technical Univ. (Czech Republic)
Jaroslav Racek, Charles Univ. (Czech Republic)
Mitsunobu Miyagi, Sendai National College of Technology (Japan)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6843:
Lasers in Dentistry XIV
Peter Rechmann; Daniel Fried, Editor(s)

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