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Proceedings Paper

Formation of nanocarbon and composite materials by laser vaporization of graphite and eleven metals
Author(s): Fumio Kokai; Akira Koshio; Keita Kobayashi; Hiroshi Deno
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Paper Abstract

Eleven metals were laser-vaporized with carbon into Ar gas, and the growth of various nanocabon and composite materials were investigated. Controlling the Ar gas pressure and the metal content for Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, and Ag enabled the high yield (~70%) fabrication of single-wall carbon nanohorn particles including metal- or carbide-containing carbon nanocapsules. With the use of B, multi-wall carbon nanotubes were grown with a high yield of ~50%. For Al, Si, La, Y, and Gd, products such as carbide particles, polyhedra, and sea-urchin-type single-wall carbon nanotubes were formed. We will discuss the growth of these structures based on metal-catalyzed graphitization together with thermal graphitization.

Paper Details

Date Published: 14 February 2008
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 6879, Photon Processing in Microelectronics and Photonics VII, 68791F (14 February 2008);
Show Author Affiliations
Fumio Kokai, Mie Univ. (Japan)
Akira Koshio, Mie Univ. (Japan)
Keita Kobayashi, Mie Univ. (Japan)
Hiroshi Deno, Mie Univ. (Japan)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6879:
Photon Processing in Microelectronics and Photonics VII
David B. Geohegan; Andrew S. Holmes; Michel Meunier; Frank Träger; Craig B. Arnold; Jan J. Dubowski; Hiroyuki Niino, Editor(s)

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