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Proceedings Paper

Metallo-dielectric nanophotonic materials via direct laser writing and electroless metallization
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Paper Abstract

Interest in three-dimensional (3D) metallo-dielectric photonic crystals (MDPCs) has grown considerably given their potential applications in optics and photonics. MDPCs can exhibit intriguing and potentially useful optical properties, including ultra-wide photonic bandgaps, engineered thermal emission, and negative refractive index. Yet experimental studies of such materials remain few because of the difficulties associated with fabricating 3D micron- and sub-micron-scale metallic structures. We report a route to MDPCs based on metallization of a 3D polymeric photonic crystal (PC) fabricated by multi-photon microfabrication (MPM). Polymeric PCs having face-centered tetragonal symmetry and micrometer-scale periodicity were created using a cross-linkable acrylate or epoxide pre-polymer. The resulting PCs were metallized by electroless deposition of silver or copper. Analysis of the metallized structures in cross-section by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy shows that silver deposited conformally onto the entire micro-porous lattice. The dielectric and metallized PCs were characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. The polymer photonic crystals exhibit a stop band with strong reflectance near 4 to 6 microns, depending upon the lattice period. In contrast, FTIR spectra of the metallized PCs show widened stop bands of nearly 6 microns and greater and maximum reflectance exceeding 90%. The appreciable broadening of the stop band due to the presence of the deposited metal is a result consistent with previously reported theoretical and experimental data for all-metallic 3D PCs. Thus, the approach reported here appears suitable for fabricating 3D MDPCs of many symmetries and basis sets and provides a path for integrating such structures with other micron-scale optical elements.

Paper Details

Date Published: 6 February 2008
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 6883, Advanced Fabrication Technologies for Micro/Nano Optics and Photonics, 68830L (6 February 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.760824
Show Author Affiliations
Stephen M. Kuebler, College of Optics and Photonics, Univ. of Central Florida (United States)
Univ. of Central Florida (United States)
Yun-Sheng Chen, College of Optics and Photonics, Univ. of Central Florida (United States)
Amir Tal, College of Optics and Photonics, Univ. of Central Florida (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6883:
Advanced Fabrication Technologies for Micro/Nano Optics and Photonics
Thomas J. Suleski; Winston V. Schoenfeld; Jian Jim Wang, Editor(s)

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