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Proceedings Paper

Calpain mediates AIF-regulated caspase-independent pathway in cisplatin-induced apoptosis
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Paper Abstract

Mitochondrial apoptosis inducing factor (AIF) on activation can translocate to the nucleus and induce cell death via caspase-independent pathway in cisplatin-induced apoptosis. Yet the precise signal transduction pathway(s) which regulates AIF-induced apoptotic pathway still remains poorly understood. In this study, we investigated the molecular mechanism of AIF release and redistribution in cisplatin-induced apoptosis in living ASTC-a-1 cells, as assessed by real-time anlysis. Herein, We report that during cisplatin-induced apoptosis, calpain activation, as measured in intact cells by a fluorescent substrates, is an early event, taking place well before AIF release and caspase-3 activation. Confocal imaging of the cells transfected with AIF-GFP demonstrated that AIF release occurred about 9 h after cisplatin treatment. The event proceeded progressively over time, coinciding with a nuclear translocation and lasting for more than 2 hours. AIF release and redistribution were effectively inhibited in samples co-treated with calpeptin and PD150606, two selective calpain inhibitors. Therefore, our results clearly show the kinetics of AIF release and redistribution in cisplatin-induced apoptosis in living ASTC-a-1 cells, and calpain played a crucial role in these events.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 January 2008
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 6826, Optics in Health Care and Biomedical Optics III, 68261R (8 January 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.760234
Show Author Affiliations
Lei Liu D.D.S., South China Normal Univ. (China)
Da Xing, South China Normal Univ. (China)
Wei R. Chen, South China Normal Univ. (China)
Univ. of Central Oklahoma (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6826:
Optics in Health Care and Biomedical Optics III
Xingde Li; Qingming Luo; Ying Gu M.D., Editor(s)

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