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Proceedings Paper

Design for CD correction strategy using a resist shrink method via UV irradiation for defect-free photomask
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Paper Abstract

As the specification for photomask becomes tighter, it is strongly demanded for achieving precise CD MTT (critical dimension mean to target) and enhanced defect controllability in photomask fabrication. First of all, it is necessary that reducing the factors of CD MTT error and introducing the reliable method to correct CD error for accurate CD requirement of attenuated PSM (phase shift mask). From this point of view, one of CD correction methods which consist of Cr CD measurement step after resist strip (strip inspection CD: SI CD) and additional corrective Cr dry etch step was developed. Previous SI CD correction process resulted in accurate CD control within the range of CD MTT. However it was not appropriate for defect control due to additional resist processes for selective protection of Cr pattern during CD correction process. In this study, the method for achieving precise CD MTT by correcting CD error without any resist process is investigated. It is not suitable for the CD correction process to control CD MTT precisely that Cr etched resist (etch inspection CD: EI CD) is very vulnerable to E-beam scanning during CD measurement. Otherwise, photoresist after Cr etch selectively shrinks via UV irradiation under ozone (O3) condition, which drives a reduction of CD MTT error as a result of accurate CD measurement (UV-irradiation inspection CD: UI CD). Moreover, it is not necessary any resist process for Cr protection due to UV irradiated resist as enough for a etch barrier. It is a strong advantage of novel CD correction method. This strategy solves the problems such as both CD measurement error on the EI CD correction method and defects originated from resist process on the SI CD correction method at once. For the successful incorporation of UI CD correction method, several items related with CD should be evaluated: accuracy and repeatability of CD measurement under UI CD, control of CD MTT and CD uniformity, additional corrective etch bias for UI CD, independence of corrective Cr etch process from UV irradiated resist, isolated-dense CD difference,.. etc. In this paper, strategy of design for the progressive CD correction method for defect-free photomask and process details will be discussed.

Paper Details

Date Published: 30 October 2007
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 6730, Photomask Technology 2007, 67300K (30 October 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.746787
Show Author Affiliations
Jin Ho Ryu, Hynix Semiconductor Inc. (South Korea)
Dong Wook Lee, Hynix Semiconductor Inc. (South Korea)
Ho Yong Jung, Hynix Semiconductor Inc. (South Korea)
Sang Pyo Kim, Hynix Semiconductor Inc. (South Korea)
Oscar Han, Hynix Semiconductor Inc. (South Korea)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6730:
Photomask Technology 2007
Robert J. Naber; Hiroichi Kawahira, Editor(s)

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