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Proceedings Paper

Coherent bremsstrahlung used for digital subtraction angiography
Author(s): Herbert Überall
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Paper Abstract

Digital subtraction angiography (DSA), also known as Dichromography, using synchrotron radiation beams has been developed at Stanford University (R. Hofstadter) and was subsequently taken over at the Brookhaven Synchrotron and later at Hamburg (HASYLAB) [see, e.g., W.R. Dix, Physik in unserer Zeit. 30 (1999) 160]. The imaging of coronary arteries is carried out with an iodine-based contrast agent which need not be injected into the heart. The radiation must be monochromatized and is applied above and below the K-edge of iodine (33.16 keV), with a subsequent digital subtraction of the two images. Monochromatization of the synchrotron radiation causes a loss of intensity of 10-3. We propose instead the use of coherent bremsstrahlung [see, e.g., A.W. Saenz and H. Uberall, Phys. Rev. B25 (1982) 448] which is inherently monochromatic, furnishing a flux of 1012 photon/sec. This requires a 10-20 MeV electron linac which can be obtained by many larger hospitals, eliminating the scheduling problems present at synchrotrons. The large, broad incoherent bremsstrahlung background underlying the monochromatic spike would lead to inadmissible overexposure of the patient. This problem can be solved with the use of Kumakhov's capillary optics [see e.g., S.B.Dabagov, Physics-Uspekhi 46 (2003) 1053]: the low-energy spiked radiation can be deflected towards the patient, while the higher energy incoherent background continues forward, avoiding the patient who is placed several meters from the source.

Paper Details

Date Published: 2 May 2007
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 6634, International Conference on Charged and Neutral Particles Channeling Phenomena II, 663402 (2 May 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.741826
Show Author Affiliations
Herbert Überall, Catholic Univ. of America (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6634:
International Conference on Charged and Neutral Particles Channeling Phenomena II
Sultan B. Dabagov, Editor(s)

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