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Proceedings Paper

Particulate beam attenuation coefficient, bacteria abundance, and production in marine nearshore waters
Author(s): Martin A. Montes-Hugo; Rick A. Reynolds; Maria Vernet; Dariusz Stramski; Vanessa Wright
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Paper Abstract

Variability of particulate beam attenuation coefficient at 532 nm (cp (532)) and microbial planktonic community (heterotrophic bacteria and phytoplankton) was analyzed in coastal waters of Southern California. The goal of this study was to explore heterotrophic bacteria (HB) response (cell abundance, BA, and carbon production, BCP) with respect to different particle characteristics (concentration, size distribution, and composition) related with cp(532). We observed a fairly complex pattern of HB response and particle dynamics during seven experiments throughout the summer and winter, which reflected variations in cp(532). The first experiment showed relatively high values of cp(532), in conjunction with high chlorophyll a concentration (chl) of about 5.4 mg m-3. For experiments 2 and 3, a sharp decrease of chl was accompanied by an increased role of detrital particles (non-living matter) as evidenced by increased detrital absorption (ad). The highest values of particle-attached (>1 μm) and free living (<1 μm) BA and BCP were observed in experiment 3. These changes in particle assemblage including HB maintained cp(532) at relatively high level, comparable to that observed when phytoplankton dominated. A significant decrease of cp(532) was observed in experiment 4 and 5, which coincided with relatively low BA, BCP, and ad values. In experiment 7, cp(532) magnitude was comparable to the first experiment and was accompanied by high chl, BA and SPM (suspended particulate matter). Greatest changes in cp(532) coincided with greatest variations in BA, even though our estimates of the direct contribution of heterotrophic bacteria to cp(532) for all experiments remained quite low (<10%).

Paper Details

Date Published: 5 October 2007
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 6680, Coastal Ocean Remote Sensing, 66800N (5 October 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.735931
Show Author Affiliations
Martin A. Montes-Hugo, Scripps Institution of Oceanography (United States)
Rick A. Reynolds, Scripps Institution of Oceanography (United States)
Maria Vernet, Scripps Institution of Oceanography (United States)
Dariusz Stramski, Scripps Institution of Oceanography (United States)
Vanessa Wright, Scripps Institution of Oceanography (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6680:
Coastal Ocean Remote Sensing
Robert J. Frouin; ZhongPing Lee, Editor(s)

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