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Proceedings Paper

IMM/MHT tracking with an unscented particle filter with application to ground targets
Author(s): J. Lancaster; S. Blackman; L. Yu
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Paper Abstract

Particle filter tracking, a type of sequential Monte Carlo method, has long been considered to be a very promising but time-consuming tracking technique. Methods have been developed to include a particle filter as part of a Variable Structure, Interactive Multiple Model (VS-IMM) structure and to integrate it into the Multiple Hypothesis Tracker (MHT) scoring structure. By integrating a particle filter as just one of many filters in Raytheon's MHT, the particle filter is applied sparingly on difficult off-road targets. This dramatically reduces the computation time as well as improves tracking performance in circumstances in which the other filters do not excel. Moreover, terrain information may be taken into account in the particle propagation process. In particular, an Unscented Particle Filter (UPF) was implemented in order to address the potential dominance of a small set of degenerate particles and/or poor prior distribution sampling from hampering the ability of the particle filter to accurately handle a maneuver. The Unscented Particle Filter treats every particle as its own Kalman filter. After the distribution of particles is adjusted in order to take into account the terrain, each particle is divided into sigma point states. These sigma points are propagated forward in time and then recombined to form a new composite particle state and covariance. These reformed particles are used in scoring and can be updated with a new observation. Since the Unscented Particle Filter includes the covariances in these calculations, this particle filter approach is more accurate and potentially requires fewer particles than an ordinary particle filter. By adding an Unscented Particle Filter to the other filters in an MHT tracker, the advantages of the UPF can be utilized in an efficient manner in order to enhance tracking performance.

Paper Details

Date Published: 21 September 2007
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 6699, Signal and Data Processing of Small Targets 2007, 669919 (21 September 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.735865
Show Author Affiliations
J. Lancaster, Raytheon Space & Airborne Systems (United States)
S. Blackman, Raytheon (United States)
L. Yu, Raytheon (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6699:
Signal and Data Processing of Small Targets 2007
Oliver E. Drummond; Richard D. Teichgraeber, Editor(s)

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