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Proceedings Paper

Study on the process of snowmelt based on the 3S technology
Author(s): Shifeng Fang; Huan Pei; Wei Dai; Zhihui Liu; Qingdong Shi; Quidong Zhao; Zhi Lu; Min Li; Yan Yan
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Paper Abstract

The research on snowmelt process is very important to flood and drought calamity monitoring and forecasting, as well as to water resource management. A distributed snowmelt runoff model based on the "3S" technology has been designed and developed in this paper. The distributed snowmelt runoff model is based on energy balance and water quantity balance, which consists of three parts: grid snowmelt model, grid runoff yield model and grid catchments model. Snowmelt and runoff yield process are all based on grid scale, so the model is provided with distributing character and has strict physical mechanism. An important concept of "Unit Period of Time" was put forward in the paper for time scale conversion, and thereby developed "Degree and Cent Snowmelt Runoff Model", and gave some thoughts for the difficult problem of hydrology time scale conversion. Another important concept of "Freezing and Melting Coefficient" had also been brought forward here, which is aimed to explain the repetitive freezing and melting physical mechanism in the snowmelt period, so it has important significance to exactly hold the snowmelt process. Besides, a Snowmelt Runoff Simulating System had been developed, which adopted methods of the combination of B/S and C/S, using a great deal of remote sensing data, weather data and hydrology data, realizing the arithmetic of the model, as well as the distributed stimulation of the discharge of the typical study area, Juntanghu Basin. Validation of this model with the true measured data resulted an average relative error under 0.18, indicating that the model was able to realize simulating the process of the snowmelt well.

Paper Details

Date Published: 22 October 2007
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 6679, Remote Sensing and Modeling of Ecosystems for Sustainability IV, 66790K (22 October 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.725527
Show Author Affiliations
Shifeng Fang, Xinjiang Univ. (China)
Huan Pei, Nanjing Univ. (China)
Wei Dai, Xinjiang Univ. (China)
Zhihui Liu, Xinjiang Univ. (China)
International Ctr. for Desert Affairs (China)
Qingdong Shi, Xinjiang Univ. (China)
International Ctr. for Desert Affairs (China)
Quidong Zhao, Xinjiang Univ. (China)
Zhi Lu, Xinjiang Univ. (China)
Min Li, Xinjiang Univ. (China)
Yan Yan, Xinjiang Univ. (China)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6679:
Remote Sensing and Modeling of Ecosystems for Sustainability IV
Wei Gao; Susan L. Ustin, Editor(s)

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