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Proceedings Paper

Low-power low-latency MAC protocol for aeronautical applications
Author(s): Jordi Sabater; Martin Kluge; Sergio Bovelli; Josef Schalk
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Paper Abstract

This paper describes asynchronous MAC (Medium Access Control) strategies based on the IEEE 802.15.4 physical layer for wireless aeronautical applications where low power and low latency are important requirements as well as security and data integrity. Sensor data is acquired and collected on request, by means of a mobile device, and later stored in a centralized database. In order to have the smallest power consumption the wireless sensor has to remain in deep sleep mode as long as possible and wake up and listen periodically for RF activity. If its unique ID is mentioned in the destination address field, the complete frame is received, processed and replied if necessary. If the detected packet is addressed to another sensor the reception will stop immediately and the wireless sensor will go into deep sleep mode again. Listening instead of sending actively does not 'pollute' the already crowded 2.45GHz spectrum, reduces collisions and increases security. The mobile data concentrator can not be synchronized with all the sensors installed in a distributed environment, therefore smart asynchronous data transmission strategies are needed to reduce latencies and increase throughput. For the considered application, sensors are independent of each other, simply share the medium and together with the data concentrator are organized in a star network topology. The centre of the star is the concentrator which is rarely in range. It coordinates and activates the wireless sensor nodes to collect the measured data.

Paper Details

Date Published: 17 May 2007
PDF: 5 pages
Proc. SPIE 6589, Smart Sensors, Actuators, and MEMS III, 658904 (17 May 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.724122
Show Author Affiliations
Jordi Sabater, EADS Deutschland GmbH (Germany)
Martin Kluge, EADS Deutschland GmbH (Germany)
Sergio Bovelli, EADS Deutschland GmbH (Germany)
Josef Schalk, EADS Deutschland GmbH (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6589:
Smart Sensors, Actuators, and MEMS III
Thomas Becker; Carles Cané; N. Scott Barker, Editor(s)

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