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Proceedings Paper

Maintaining CFAR operation in hyperspectral target detection using extreme value distributions
Author(s): D. Manolakis; D. Zhang; M. Rossacci; R. Lockwood; T. Cooley; J. Jacobson
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Paper Abstract

One of the primary motivations for statistical LWIR background characterization studies is to support the design, evaluation, and implementation of algorithms for the detection of various types of ground targets. Typically, detection is accomplished by comparing the detection statistic for each test pixel to a threshold. If the statistic exceeds the threshold, a potential target is declared. The threshold is usually selected to achieve a given probability of false alarm. In addition, in surveillance applications, it is almost always required that the system will maintain a constant false alarm rate (CFAR) as the background distribution changes. This objective is usually accomplished by adaptively estimating the background statistics and adjusting the threshold accordingly. In this paper we propose and study CFAR threshold selection techniques, based on tail extrapolation, for a detector operating on hyperspectral imaging data. The basic idea is to obtain reliable estimates of the background statistics at low false alarm rates, and then extend these estimates beyond the range supported by the data to predict the thresholds at lower false alarm rates. The proposed techniques are based on the assumption that the distribution in the tail region of the detection statistics is accurately characterized by a member of the extreme value distributions. We focus on the generalized Pareto distribution. The evaluation of the proposed techniques will be done with both simulated data and real hyperspectral imaging data collected using the Army Night Vision Laboratory COMPASS sensor.

Paper Details

Date Published: 10 May 2007
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 6565, Algorithms and Technologies for Multispectral, Hyperspectral, and Ultraspectral Imagery XIII, 65651W (10 May 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.718373
Show Author Affiliations
D. Manolakis, MIT Lincoln Lab. (United States)
D. Zhang, MIT Lincoln Lab. (United States)
M. Rossacci, MIT Lincoln Lab. (United States)
R. Lockwood, Air Force Research Lab. (United States)
T. Cooley, Air Force Research Lab. (United States)
J. Jacobson, National Air and Space Intelligence Ctr. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6565:
Algorithms and Technologies for Multispectral, Hyperspectral, and Ultraspectral Imagery XIII
Sylvia S. Shen; Paul E. Lewis, Editor(s)

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