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Proceedings Paper

Performance index for virtual reality phacoemulsification surgery
Author(s): Per Söderberg; Carl-Gustaf Laurell M.D.; Wamidh Simawi M.D.; Eva Skarman; Per Nordqvist; Leif Nordh
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Paper Abstract

We have developed a virtual reality (VR) simulator for phacoemulsification (phaco) surgery. The current work aimed at developing a performance index that characterizes the performance of an individual trainee. We recorded measurements of 28 response variables during three iterated surgical sessions in 9 subjects naive to cataract surgery and 6 experienced cataract surgeons, separately for the sculpting phase and the evacuation phase of phacoemulsification surgery. We further defined a specific performance index for a specific measurement variable and a total performance index for a specific trainee. The distribution function for the total performance index was relatively evenly distributed both for the sculpting and the evacuation phase indicating that parametric statistics can be used for comparison of total average performance indices for different groups in the future. The current total performance index for an individual considers all measurement variables included with the same weight. It is possible that a future development of the system will indicate that a better characterization of a trainee can be obtained if the various measurements variables are given specific weights. The currently developed total performance index for a trainee is statistically an independent observation of that particular trainee.

Paper Details

Date Published: 26 March 2007
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 6426, Ophthalmic Technologies XVII, 64261B (26 March 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.717477
Show Author Affiliations
Per Söderberg, St. Erik's Eye Hospital (Sweden)
Univ. of Miami (United States)
Carl-Gustaf Laurell M.D., St. Erik's Eye Hospital (Sweden)
Wamidh Simawi M.D., St. Erik's Eye Hospital (Sweden)
Uppsala Akademiska Sjukhus (Sweden)
Eva Skarman, Melerit AB (Sweden)
Per Nordqvist, Melerit AB (Sweden)
Leif Nordh, Melerit AB (Sweden)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6426:
Ophthalmic Technologies XVII
Bruce E. Stuck; Fabrice Manns; Per G. Söderberg; Michael Belkin M.D.; Arthur Ho, Editor(s)

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