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Proceedings Paper

Resin flow monitoring in vacuum-assisted resin transfer molding using optical fiber distributed sensor
Author(s): Soohyun Eum; Kazuro Kageyama; Hideaki Murayama; Isamu Ohsawa; Kiyoshi Uzawa; Makoto Kanai; Hirotaka Igawa
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Paper Abstract

In this study, we implemented resin flow monitoring by using an optical fiber sensor during vacuum assisted resin transfer molding (VaRTM).We employed optical frequency domain reflectometry (OFDR) and fiber Bragg grating (FBG) sensor for distributed sensing. Especially, long gauge FBGs (about 100mm) which are 10 times longer than an ordinary FBG were employed for more effective distributed sensing. A long gauge FBG was embedded in GFRP laminates, and other two ones were located out of laminate for wavelength reference and temperature compensation, respectively. During VaRTM, the embedded FBG could measure how the preform affected the sensor with vacuum pressure and resin was flowed into the preform. In this study, we intended to detect the gradient of compressive strain between impregnated part and umimpregnated one within long gauge FBG. If resin is infused to preform, compressive strain which is generated on FBG is released by volume of resin. We could get the wavelength shift due to the change of compressive strain along gauge length of FBG by using short-time Fourier transformation for signal acquired from FBG. Therefore, we could know the resin flow front with the gradient of compressive strain of FBG. In this study, we used silicon oil which has same viscosity with resin substitute for resin in order to reuse FBG. In order to monitor resin flow, the silicon oil was infused from one edge of preform, the silicon oil was flowed from right to left. Then, we made dry spot within gauge length by infusing silicon oil to both sides of preform to prove the ability of dry spot monitoring with FBG. We could monitor resin flow condition and dry spot formation successfully using by FBG based on OFDR.

Paper Details

Date Published: 20 April 2007
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 6526, Behavior and Mechanics of Multifunctional and Composite Materials 2007, 65262T (20 April 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.715339
Show Author Affiliations
Soohyun Eum, The Univ. of Tokyo (Japan)
Kazuro Kageyama, The Univ. of Tokyo (Japan)
Hideaki Murayama, The Univ. of Tokyo (Japan)
Isamu Ohsawa, The Univ. of Tokyo (Japan)
Kiyoshi Uzawa, The Univ. of Tokyo (Japan)
Makoto Kanai, The Univ. of Tokyo (Japan)
Hirotaka Igawa, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (Japan)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6526:
Behavior and Mechanics of Multifunctional and Composite Materials 2007
Marcelo J. Dapino, Editor(s)

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