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Proceedings Paper

The modeling of double patterning lithographic processes
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Paper Abstract

Double patterning (DP) appears to be the most probable patterning technology for initial 32 nm node manufacturing. This work explores how it may be accurately simulated. In the first instance, the process is approximated using two planar exposures in a commercial lithographic simulation package. This work is then followed up by more accurate calculations using a prototype simulator (based of Rigorous Coupled Wave Analysis propagation techniques) which allows the topography generated from the first exposure pass to influence the light propagation in the second exposure. The accuracy of the prototype simulator is demonstrated by validating its' output against the vector model in PROLITH V10, for the planar topography case. Results from the RCWA simulations show that for an example poly gate double patterning process, the presence of the topography enhances the process window of the second exposure, in terms of both exposure and focus latitude. The topography simulator is also used to study the robustness of the second exposure process window to fluctuations in the CD printed during the first exposure pass and of the influence of misalignment between the two passes.

Paper Details

Date Published: 26 March 2007
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 6520, Optical Microlithography XX, 65200J (26 March 2007);
Show Author Affiliations
Stewart A. Robertson, KLA-Tencor Corp. (United States)
Trey Graves, KLA-Tencor Corp. (United States)
Mark D. Smith, KLA-Tencor Corp. (United States)
John J. Biafore, KLA-Tencor Corp. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6520:
Optical Microlithography XX
Donis G. Flagello, Editor(s)

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