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Proceedings Paper

A GIS-based spatial distribution modeling of seasonal precipitation using terrain variables in Zhejiang Province, China
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Paper Abstract

Precipitation is a function of many topographical features as well as geographical locations. The correlations between precipitation and topographical and geographical features can be used to improve estimation of precipitation distribution. In this paper, we built seasonal precipitation model based on GIS techniques in Zhejiang Province in southeastern China. Terrain variables derived from the 1 km resolution DEM are used as predictors of the seasonal precipitation, using a regression-based approach. Variables used for model development include: longitude, latitude, elevation, and distance from the nearest coast, direction to the nearest coast, slope, aspect, and the ratio of land to sea within given radii. Seasonal precipitation data, for the observation period 1971 to 2000, were assembled from 59 meteorological stations. Precipitation data from 52 meteorological stations were used to initialize the regression model. The data from the other 7 stations were retained for model validation. Seasonal precipitation surfaces were constructed using the regression equations, and refined by kriging the residuals from the regression model and subtracting the result from the predicted surface. Latitude, elevation and distance from the sea are found to be the most effective predictors of local seasonal precipitation. Validation determined that regression plus kriging predicts mean seasonal precipitation with a coefficient of determination (R2), between the estimated and observed values, of 0.546 (winter) and 0.895 (spring). A simple regression model without kriging yields less accurate results in all seasons.

Paper Details

Date Published: 28 October 2006
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 6420, Geoinformatics 2006: Geospatial Information Science, 64201V (28 October 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.712958
Show Author Affiliations
Jun Li, China Meteorological Administration (China)
Qing Yang, China Meteorological Administration (China)
Jing-feng Huang, Zhejiang Univ. (China)
Xiu-zhen Wang, Zhejiang Meteorological Institute (China)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6420:
Geoinformatics 2006: Geospatial Information Science
Jianya Gong; Jingxiong Zhang, Editor(s)

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