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Proceedings Paper

FRET analysis demonstrates a rapid activating of caspase-3 during PDT-induced apoptosis
Author(s): Yunxia Wu; Qun Chen
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Paper Abstract

Apoptosis is a very important cellular event that plays a key role in pathogeny and therapy of many diseases. In this study, a recombinant caspase-3 substrate was used as a fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) probe to detect the activation of caspase-3, and to monitor apoptosis in human lung adenocarcinoma (ASTC-a- 1) cells. With laser scanning confocal microscopy, we found that Photofrin were localized primarily in mitochondria, the primary targets of Photofrin-PDT. By analyzing the dynamic changes of FRET fluorescence, the results indicate that the onset and completion of caspase-3 activation induced by PDT is more rapidly than that by tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α). The activation of caspase-3 by PDT started 20 minutes after treatment and completed in about 15 minutes. In comparison, the onset of caspase-3 activation by TNF-a was delayed by 3 hours and the completion of caspase-3 activation required a significantly longer time (approximately 90 minutes). These results indicated that the initiation and process of caspase-3 activation are different corresponding to different treatment methods. Our data suggest that caspase-3 activation mediated by the cell surface death receptors is slower than that of the mitochondrial pathway and the mitochondria is an efficient target to induce apoptosis.

Paper Details

Date Published: 27 October 2006
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 6047, Fourth International Conference on Photonics and Imaging in Biology and Medicine, 60473H (27 October 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.710939
Show Author Affiliations
Yunxia Wu, South China Normal Univ. (China)
Qun Chen, South China Normal Univ. (China)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6047:
Fourth International Conference on Photonics and Imaging in Biology and Medicine
Kexin Xu; Qingming Luo; Da Xing; Alexander V. Priezzhev; Valery V. Tuchin, Editor(s)

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