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Proceedings Paper

Assistance to neurosurgical planning: using a fuzzy spatial graph model of the brain for locating anatomical targets in MRI
Author(s): Alice Villéger; Lemlih Ouchchane; Jean-Jacques Lemaire; Jean-Yves Boire
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Paper Abstract

Symptoms of neurodegenerative pathologies such as Parkinson's disease can be relieved through Deep Brain Stimulation. This neurosurgical technique relies on high precision positioning of electrodes in specific areas of the basal ganglia and the thalamus. These subcortical anatomical targets must be located at pre-operative stage, from a set of MRI acquired under stereotactic conditions. In order to assist surgical planning, we designed a semi-automated image analysis process for extracting anatomical areas of interest. Complementary information, provided by both patient's data and expert knowledge, is represented as fuzzy membership maps, which are then fused by means of suitable possibilistic operators in order to achieve the segmentation of targets. More specifically, theoretical prior knowledge on brain anatomy is modelled within a 'virtual atlas' organised as a spatial graph: a list of vertices linked by edges, where each vertex represents an anatomical structure of interest and contains relevant information such as tissue composition, whereas each edge represents a spatial relationship between two structures, such as their relative directions. The model is built using heterogeneous sources of information such as qualitative descriptions from the expert, or quantitative information from prelabelled images. For each patient, tissue membership maps are extracted from MR data through a classification step. Prior model and patient's data are then matched by using a research algorithm (or 'strategy') which simultaneously computes an estimation of the location of every structures. The method was tested on 10 clinical images, with promising results. Location and segmentation results were statistically assessed, opening perspectives for enhancements.

Paper Details

Date Published: 26 March 2007
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 6512, Medical Imaging 2007: Image Processing, 651226 (26 March 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.710380
Show Author Affiliations
Alice Villéger, Univ. d'Auvergne, ESPRI-INSERM (France)
Lemlih Ouchchane, Univ. d'Auvergne, ESPRI-INSERM (France)
Ctr. Hospitalier Univ. de Clermont-Ferrand (France)
Jean-Jacques Lemaire, Univ. d'Auvergne, ESPRI-INSERM (France)
Ctr. Hospitalier Univ. de Clermont-Ferrand (France)
Jean-Yves Boire, Univ. d'Auvergne, ESPRI-INSERM (France)
Ctr. Hospitalier Univ. de Clermont-Ferrand (France)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6512:
Medical Imaging 2007: Image Processing
Josien P. W. Pluim; Joseph M. Reinhardt, Editor(s)

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