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Proceedings Paper

A ray-tracing backprojection algorithm for cone beam CT
Author(s): Jun Lu; Tinsu Pan
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Paper Abstract

We have developed a ray-tracing backprojection (RTB) to back-project all the detector pixels into the image domain of cone beam CT (CBCT). The underlying mathematic framework is the FDK reconstruction. In this method, every ray recorded by the flat panel detector is traced back into the image space. In each voxel of the imaging domain, all the rays contributing to the formation of the CT image are summed together weighted by each rays' intersection length with the voxel. The RTB is similar to a reverse process of x-ray transmission imaging, as opposed to the conventional voxel-driven backprojection (VDB). In the RTB, we avoided interpolation and pixel binning approximations, achieved better spatial resolution and eliminated some image artifacts. We have successfully applied the RTB in phantom studies on the Varian On Board Imager CBCT. The images of the Catphan CTP404 module show more accurate representation of the oblique ramps in the measurement of slice thickness, and more accurate determination of slice thickness with the RTB than with VDB. The RTB also shows higher spatial resolution than the VDB in the studies of a high contrast resolution phantom.

Paper Details

Date Published: 28 March 2007
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 6510, Medical Imaging 2007: Physics of Medical Imaging, 65105R (28 March 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.709442
Show Author Affiliations
Jun Lu, M.D. Anderson Cancer Ctr., The Univ. of Texas (United States)
Tinsu Pan, M.D. Anderson Cancer Ctr., The Univ. of Texas (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6510:
Medical Imaging 2007: Physics of Medical Imaging
Jiang Hsieh; Michael J. Flynn, Editor(s)

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