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Proceedings Paper

Digital tomosynthesis mammography: intra- and interplane artifact reduction for high-contrast objects on reconstructed slices using a priori 3D geometrical information
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Paper Abstract

We are developing a computerized technique to reduce intra- and interplane ghosting artifacts caused by high-contrast objects such as dense microcalcifications (MCs) or metal markers on the reconstructed slices of digital tomosynthesis mammography (DTM). In this study, we designed a constrained iterative artifact reduction method based on a priori 3D information of individual MCs. We first segmented individual MCs on projection views (PVs) using an automated MC detection system. The centroid and the contrast profile of the individual MCs in the 3D breast volume were estimated from the backprojection of the segmented individual MCs on high-resolution (0.1 mm isotropic voxel size) reconstructed DTM slices. An isolated volume of interest (VOI) containing one or a few MCs is then modeled as a high-contrast object embedded in a local homogeneous background. A shift-variant 3D impulse response matrix (IRM) of the projection-reconstruction (PR) system for the extracted VOI was calculated using the DTM geometry and the reconstruction algorithm. The PR system for this VOI is characterized by a system of linear equations. A constrained iterative method was used to solve these equations for the effective linear attenuation coefficients (eLACs) within the isolated VOI. Spatial constraint and positivity constraint were used in this method. Finally, the intra- and interplane artifacts on the whole breast volume resulting from the MC were calculated using the corresponding impulse responses and subsequently subtracted from the original reconstructed slices. The performance of our artifact-reduction method was evaluated using a computer-simulated MC phantom, as well as phantom images and patient DTMs obtained with IRB approval. A GE prototype DTM system that acquires 21 PVs in 3º increments over a ±30º range was used for image acquisition in this study. For the computer-simulated MC phantom, the eLACs can be estimated accurately, thus the interplane artifacts were effectively removed. For MCs in phantom and patient DTMs, our method reduced the artifacts but also created small over-corrected areas in some cases. Potential reasons for this may include: the simplified mathematical modeling of the forward projection process, and the amplified noise in the solution of the system of linear equations.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 March 2007
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 6512, Medical Imaging 2007: Image Processing, 65124Q (1 March 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.708914
Show Author Affiliations
Jun Ge, Univ. of Michigan (United States)
Heang-Ping Chan, Univ. of Michigan (United States)
Berkman Sahiner, Univ. of Michigan (United States)
Yiheng Zhang, Univ. of Michigan (United States)
Jun Wei, Univ. of Michigan (United States)
Lubomir M. Hadjiiski, Univ. of Michigan (United States)
Chuan Zhou, Univ. of Michigan (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6512:
Medical Imaging 2007: Image Processing
Josien P. W. Pluim; Joseph M. Reinhardt, Editor(s)

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