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Proceedings Paper

Scattering phenomena in MSCT: measurements and analysis
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Paper Abstract

In multi-slice CT (MSCT), as the coverage becomes wider, the scattering contribution along the longitudinal direction (z) to the detectors' signal increases. The scattering results in image artifacts, appearing as dark shadows between highly attenuating objects. In this work we measure the scattering level systematically, using phantoms of various sizes, shapes, and materials. We study the dependencies and their effect on the scattering amount. We derive an empirical function for the scattering fraction, based on the maximal attenuation at each rotation angle. The function contains a single constant (SC). The variation of SC as a function of the different phantoms is analyzed, showing a clear dependence on the minimal water equivalent axis of each phantom. The strong dependence of the scattering fraction on the maximal attenuation along each view is shown. This phenomenon can be correlated to a single scatter process along the z axis in the presence of an anti-scatter grid along the direction of the detectors. The dependence of SC on the minimal axis indicates an additional significant scatter process. The results validate that the scattering level estimation can be achieved using the derived function, with a minimal variation in the solution parameters. Hence, enabling the introduction of this scatter estimation into an MSCT scattering correction scheme.

Paper Details

Date Published: 14 March 2007
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 6510, Medical Imaging 2007: Physics of Medical Imaging, 65102K (14 March 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.708871
Show Author Affiliations
I. Sabo-Napadensky, Philips Medical Systems (Israel)
O. Amir, Philips Medical Systems (Israel)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6510:
Medical Imaging 2007: Physics of Medical Imaging
Jiang Hsieh; Michael J. Flynn, Editor(s)

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