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Proceedings Paper

Resolution and noise trade-off analysis for volumetric CT
Author(s): Baojun Li; Swetha Nandyala; Gopal Avinash; Jiang Hsieh
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Paper Abstract

In this study, we investigate the relationship between quantum noise and spatial resolution for volumetric CT. Both theoretical analysis and experiments were performed to investigate their relationship. In theory, quantum noise can be derived from its relationship to dose, in-plane spatial resolution, recon kernel, and signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). In the experiments, by scanning a Teflon sphere phantom, the 3-D MTF was measured from the edge profile along the spherical surface. Cases of different resolutions (and noise levels) were generated by adjusting recon kernel. To reduce bias, the total photon fluxes were matched: 120kVp, 260mA, and 1sec per gantry rotation. In the end, all data sets were reconstructed using modified FDK algorithm under the same condition: FOV=10cm and slice thickness=0.625mm. Finally, we investigated the efficiency of an image-space adaptive smoothing filter as a noise reduction tool and its impact on spatial resolution. The theoretical analysis indicated that the variance of noise is proportional to at least 4th power of the spatial resolution. Our experimental results supported this conclusion by showing the relationship is 4.6th (helical) or 5th (axial) power. Results also showed that, with properly designed image-space smoothing filters, it is feasible to reduce quantum noise (and the power relationship to a lower order) with smaller loss of spatial resolution.

Paper Details

Date Published: 13 March 2007
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 6510, Medical Imaging 2007: Physics of Medical Imaging, 65101X (13 March 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.708087
Show Author Affiliations
Baojun Li, General Electric Healthcare Technologies (United States)
Swetha Nandyala, Rochester Institute of Technology (United States)
Gopal Avinash, General Electric Healthcare Technologies (United States)
Jiang Hsieh, General Electric Healthcare Technologies (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6510:
Medical Imaging 2007: Physics of Medical Imaging
Jiang Hsieh; Michael J. Flynn, Editor(s)

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