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Proceedings Paper

In vitro studies of the efficiency of two-photon activation of photodynamic therapy agents
Author(s): Mamta Khurana; Aliaksandr Karotki; Hazel Collins; Harry L. Anderson; Brian C. Wilson
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Paper Abstract

Age related macular degeneration (AMD) is a major cause of severe vision loss in the older population, due to ingrowth of new leaky blood vessels (neovasculature) from the choriocapillaris, which results in destruction of photoreceptors in the fovea and loss of central vision. "Standard" one-photon (1-γ) photodynamic therapy (PDT) using Visudyne(R) is an approved method of AMD treatment but has the potential to damage healthy tissues lying above and below the neovasculature due to photosensitizer accumulation and its wide-beam 1-γ excitation. Highly-targeted two-photon (2-γ) excitation may avoid this, since, due to its non-linear intensity dependence, the probability of 2-γ excitation is greatest in the focal plane, which intrinsically avoids out-of-focus damage to healthy tissues. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the 2-γ efficiency of Visudyne and to compare it to the archetypal photosensitizer Photofrin(R). Since neovascular endothelium is targeted in AMD, an endothelial cell line (YPEN-1) was selected as the in vitro model. 2-γ PDT was delivered using tightly focused ~300 fs laser pulses from a Ti:sapphire laser operating at 850 nm with 90 MHz pulse repetition rate. An assay was developed for quantification of the cellular damage using the permeability stain Hoechst 33258 and the viability stain SYTOX. Visudyne (LD50= dose to kill 50% of cells: 500 J/cm2, 10 M, 7.2 μg/ml) was about an order of magnitude more effective than Photofrin (LD50 : 7500 J/cm2, ~42 μM, 25 μg/ml). We also demonstrate for the first time the quadratic dependence of the cellular response to 2-γ PDT. This in vitro work will lead to the design of optimized in vivo studies in animal models of AMD.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 September 2006
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 6343, Photonics North 2006, 634306 (8 September 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.706554
Show Author Affiliations
Mamta Khurana, Univ. of Toronto (Canada)
Aliaksandr Karotki, Univ. of Toronto (Canada)
Hazel Collins, Oxford Univ. (United Kingdom)
Harry L. Anderson, Oxford Univ. (United Kingdom)
Brian C. Wilson, Univ. of Toronto (Canada)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6343:
Photonics North 2006
Pierre Mathieu, Editor(s)

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