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Proceedings Paper

Reference-based optical characterization of glass-ceramic converter for high-power white LEDs
Author(s): A. Engel; M. Letz; T. Zachau; E. Pawlowski; K. Seneschal-Merz; T. Korb; D. Enseling; B. Hoppe; U. Peuchert; J. S. Hayden
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Paper Abstract

Fluorescence techniques are known for their high sensitivity and are widely used as analytical tools and detection methods for product and process control, material sciences, environmental and bio-technical analysis, molecular genetics, cell biology, medical diagnostics and drug screening. According to DIN/ISO 17025 certified standards are used for fluorescence diagnostics having the drawback of giving relative values for fluorescence intensities only. Therefore reference materials for a quantitative characterization have to be related directly to the materials under investigation. In order to evaluate these figures it is necessary to calculate absolute numbers like absorption/excitation cross section and quantum yield. This can be done for different types of dopants in different materials like glass, glass ceramics, crystals or nano crystalline material embedded in polymer matrices. Here we consider a special type of glass ceramic with Ce doped YAG as the main crystalline phase. This material has been developed for the generation of white light realized by a blue 460 nm semiconductor transition using a yellow phosphor or converter material respectively. Our glass ceramic is a pure solid state solution for a yellow phosphor. For the production of such a kind of material a well controlled thermal treatment is employed to transfer the original glass into a glass ceramic with a specific crystalline phase. In our material Ce doped YAG crystallites of a size of several µm are embedded in a matrix of a residual glass. We present chemical, structural and spectroscopic properties of our material. Based on this we will discuss design options for white LED's with respect to heat management, scattering regime, reflection losses, chemical durability and stability against blue and UV radiation, which evolve from our recently developed material. In this paper we present first results on our approaches to evaluate quantum yield and light output. Used diagnostics are fluorescence (steady state, decay time) and absorption (remission, absorption) spectroscopy working in different temperature regimes (10 - 350 K) of the measured samples in order to get a microscopic view of the relevant physical processes and to prove the correctness of the obtained data.

Paper Details

Date Published: 13 February 2007
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 6486, Light-Emitting Diodes: Research, Manufacturing, and Applications XI, 64860Y (13 February 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.705334
Show Author Affiliations
A. Engel, Schott AG (Germany)
M. Letz, Schott AG (Germany)
T. Zachau, Schott AG (Germany)
E. Pawlowski, Schott AG (Germany)
K. Seneschal-Merz, Schott AG (Germany)
T. Korb, Schott AG (Germany)
D. Enseling, Schott AG (Germany)
B. Hoppe, Schott AG (Germany)
U. Peuchert, Schott AG (Germany)
J. S. Hayden, Schott North America (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6486:
Light-Emitting Diodes: Research, Manufacturing, and Applications XI
Klaus P. Streubel; Heonsu Jeon, Editor(s)

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