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Proceedings Paper

Laser-based rework in electronics production
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Paper Abstract

Despite the electronic manufacturing is well-established mass production process for a long time, the problem of reworking, i.a. reject and replace of defect components, still exists. The rework operations (soldering, replacement and desoldering) are performed in most cases manually. However, this practice is characterized by an inconsistent quality of the reworked solder joints and a high degree of physiological stress for the employees. In this paper, we propose a novel full-automated laser based soldering and rework process. Our developed soldering system is a pick-and-place unit with an integrated galvanometer scanner, a fiber coupled diode laser for quasi-simultaneous soldering and a pyrometer-based process control. The developed system provides soldering and reworking processes taking into account a kind of defect, a type of electronic component and quality requirements from the IPC- 610 norm. The paper spends a great deal of efforts to analyze quality of laser reworked solder joints. The quality depends mainly on the type and thickness of intermetallic phases between solder, pads and leads; the wetting angles between pad, solder and lead; and finally, the joint microstructure with its mechanical properties. The influence of the rework soldering on these three factors is discussed and compared to conventional laser soldering results. In order to optimize the quality of reworked joints, the different strategies of energy input are applied.

Paper Details

Date Published: 20 March 2007
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 6459, Laser-based Micro- and Nanopackaging and Assembly, 645905 (20 March 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.703125
Show Author Affiliations
Florian Albert, Bayerisches Laserzentrum GmbH (Germany)
Ihor Mys, Bayerisches Laserzentrum GmbH (Germany)
Michael Schmidt, Bayerisches Laserzentrum GmbH (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6459:
Laser-based Micro- and Nanopackaging and Assembly
Wilhelm Pfleging; Yongfeng Lu; Kunihiko Washio; Friedrich G. Bachmann; Willem Hoving, Editor(s)

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