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Proceedings Paper

Application of nanostructured biochips for efficient cell transfection microarrays
Author(s): Yamini Akkamsetty; Andrew L. Hook; Helmut Thissen; Jason P. Hayes; Nicolas H. Voelcker
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Paper Abstract

Microarrays, high-throughput devices for genomic analysis, can be further improved by developing materials that are able to manipulate the interfacial behaviour of biomolecules. This is achieved both spatially and temporally by smart materials possessing both switchable and patterned surface properties. A system had been developed to spatially manipulate both DNA and cell growth based upon the surface modification of highly doped silicon by plasma polymerisation and polyethylene grafting followed by masked laser ablation for formation of a pattered surface with both bioactive and non-fouling regions. This platform has been successfully applied to transfected cell microarray applications with the parallel expression of genes by utilising its ability to direct and limit both DNA and cell attachment to specific sites. One of the greatest advantages of this system is its application to reverse transfection, whereupon by utilising the switchable adsorption and desorption of DNA using a voltage bias, the efficiency of cell transfection can be enhanced. However, it was shown that application of a voltage also reduces the viability of neuroblastoma cells grown on a plasma polymer surface, but not human embryonic kidney cells. This suggests that the application of a voltage may not only result in the desorption of bound DNA but may also affect attached cells. The characterisation of a DNA microarray by contact printing has also been investigated.

Paper Details

Date Published: 9 January 2007
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 6413, Smart Materials IV, 64130R (9 January 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.695954
Show Author Affiliations
Yamini Akkamsetty, Flinders Univ. (Australia)
Andrew L. Hook, Flinders Univ. (Australia)
CSIRO Molecular and Health Technologies (Australia)
Helmut Thissen, CSIRO Molecular and Health Technologies (Australia)
Jason P. Hayes, MiniFAB (Australia)
Nicolas H. Voelcker, Flinders Univ. (Australia)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6413:
Smart Materials IV
Nicolas H. Voelcker, Editor(s)

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