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Proceedings Paper

Regional distribution of the high-altitude clouds over the Indian subcontinent and surrounding oceanic regions based on seven years of satellite observations
Author(s): S. Meenu; K. Rajeev; K. Parameswaran; C. Suresh Raju
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Paper Abstract

Quantitative estimates of the spatio-temporal variations in deep convective events over the Indian subcontinent, Arabian Sea, Bay of Bengal, and tropical Indian Ocean are carried out using the data obtained from Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) onboard NOAA-14 and NOAA-16 during the period 1996-2003. Pixels having thermal IR brightness temperature (BT) less than 245K are considered as high altitude clouds and those having BT<220 K are considered as very high altitude clouds. Very deep convective clouds are observed over north Bay of Bengal during the Asian summer monsoon season when the mean cloud top temperature reaches as low as 190K. Over the Head Bay of Bengal (HBoB) from June to September, more than 50% of the observed clouds are deep convective type and more than half of these deep convective clouds are very deep convective clouds. Histogram analysis of the cloud top temperatures during this period shows that over HBoB the most prominent cloud top temperature of the deep convective clouds is ~205K over the HBoB while that over southeast Arabian Sea (SEAS) is ~220K. This indicates that most probably the cloud top altitude over HBoB is ~2 km larger than that over SEAS during the Asian summer monsoon period. Another remarkable feature observed during the Asian summer monsoon period is the significantly low values of deep convective clouds observed over the south Bay of Bengal close to Srilanka, which appears as a large pool of reduced cloud amount surrounded by regions of large-scale deep convection. Over both SEAS and HBoB, the total, deep convective and very deep convective cloud amounts as well as their corresponding cloud top temperatures (or the altitude of the cloud top) undergo large seasonal variations, while such variations are less prominent over the eastern equatorial Indian Ocean.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 December 2006
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 6408, Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere and Clouds, 64080C (8 December 2006);
Show Author Affiliations
S. Meenu, Vikram Sarabhai Space Ctr. (India)
K. Rajeev, Vikram Sarabhai Space Ctr. (India)
K. Parameswaran, Vikram Sarabhai Space Ctr. (India)
C. Suresh Raju, Vikram Sarabhai Space Ctr. (India)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6408:
Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere and Clouds
Si-Chee Tsay; Teruyuki Nakajima; Ramesh P. Singh; R. Sridharan, Editor(s)

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