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Proceedings Paper

Probing the mesopause region thermal and dynamical structure above Fort Collins, Colorado, using a novel sodium Doppler lidar: evolution and results
Author(s): James P. Sherman; Chiao Y. She
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Paper Abstract

Continued hardware upgrades have permitted extension of the Colorado State University (CSU) sodium fluorescence doppler temperature/wind lidar to two-beam operation overall full diurnal cycles. The lidar utilizes the abundance of neutral sodium atoms in the mesopause region to probe the sodium D2A transition at 3 pre-selected frequencies. Range-gated ratios of the returns at the 3 frequencies are then used to deduce temperature and horizontal wind profiles with different time resolutions, dependent on signal-to-noise ratio of the returns. From these measurements, atmospheric convective and dynamic stability can be assessed via the Brunt-Vaisala frequency and gradient Richardson number. The mesopause region is a crucial coupling region between the lower and upper atmosphere. The coupling occurs via waves which consist of perturbations to the temperature and wind fields. Metal fluorescence lidars are the only ground-based instrument able to simultaneously measure vertical profiles of mesopause temperatures and winds, thereby maximizing geophysical information obtained. This paper outlines major hardware upgrades leading to the current lidar capabilities, in addition to measurement methodology. Sample seasonal temperature and wind statistics, taken from April 2002-May 2003, will then be provided, followed by samples from a 12-month seasonal statistical study of derived parameters such as wind shears, Brunt-Vaisala frequency, and Richardson number.

Paper Details

Date Published: 22 December 2006
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 6409, Lidar Remote Sensing for Environmental Monitoring VII, 64090P (22 December 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.693361
Show Author Affiliations
James P. Sherman, Indiana Univ. of Pennsylvania (United States)
Chiao Y. She, Colorado State Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6409:
Lidar Remote Sensing for Environmental Monitoring VII
Upendra N. Singh; Toshikazu Itabe; D. Narayana Rao, Editor(s)

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