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Proceedings Paper

High-speed-tracking active cameras for obtaining clear object image
Author(s): Hiroshi Oike; Haiyuan Wu; Chunsheng Hua; Toshikazu Wada
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Paper Abstract

In this paper, we propose a high performance object tracking system for obtaining high quality images of a high-speed moving object at video rate by controlling a pair of active cameras mounted on two fixed view point pan-tilt-zoom units. In this paper, the 'High quality object image' means that the image of the object is in focus and not blurred, the S/N ratio is high enough, the size of the object in the image is kept unchanged, and the position the object appearing at the image center. To achieve our goal, we use K-means tracker algorithm for tracking object in image sequence which taken by the active cameras. We use the result of the K-means tracker to control the angular position and speed of each pan-tilt-zoom unit by employing PID control scheme. By using two cameras, binocular stereo vision algorithm can be used to obtain 3D position and velocity of the object. These results are used for adjust the focus and the zoom. Moreover, our system let two cameras fix its eyes on one point in 3D space. However, this system may be unstable, when time response loses by interfering in a mutual control loop too much, or by hard restriction of cameras action. In order to solve these problems, we introduced a concept of reliability into K-means tracker, and propose a method for controlling active cameras by using relative reliability. We produce the prototype system. Though extensive experiments we confirmed that we can obtain in focus and motion-blur-free images of a high-speed moving object at video rate.

Paper Details

Date Published: 2 October 2006
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 6384, Intelligent Robots and Computer Vision XXIV: Algorithms, Techniques, and Active Vision, 63840M (2 October 2006);
Show Author Affiliations
Hiroshi Oike, Wakayama Univ. (Japan)
Haiyuan Wu, Wakayama Univ. (Japan)
Chunsheng Hua, Wakayama Univ. (Japan)
Toshikazu Wada, Wakayama Univ. (Japan)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6384:
Intelligent Robots and Computer Vision XXIV: Algorithms, Techniques, and Active Vision
David P. Casasent; Ernest L. Hall; Juha Röning, Editor(s)

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