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Proceedings Paper

Solar hydrogen production: renewable hydrogen production by dry fuel reforming
Author(s): Jamie Bakos; Henry K. Miyamoto
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Paper Abstract

SHEC LABS - Solar Hydrogen Energy Corporation constructed a pilot-plant to demonstrate a Dry Fuel Reforming (DFR) system that is heated primarily by sunlight focusing-mirrors. The pilot-plant consists of: 1) a solar mirror array and solar concentrator and shutter system; and 2) two thermo-catalytic reactors to convert Methane, Carbon Dioxide, and Water into Hydrogen. Results from the pilot study show that solar Hydrogen generation is feasible and cost-competitive with traditional Hydrogen production. More than 95% of Hydrogen commercially produced today is by the Steam Methane Reformation (SMR) of natural gas, a process that liberates Carbon Dioxide to the atmosphere. The SMR process provides a net energy loss of 30 to 35% when converting from Methane to Hydrogen. Solar Hydrogen production provides a 14% net energy gain when converting Methane into Hydrogen since the energy used to drive the process is from the sun. The environmental benefits of generating Hydrogen using renewable energy include significant greenhouse gas and criteria air contaminant reductions.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 September 2006
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 6340, Solar Hydrogen and Nanotechnology, 634014 (8 September 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.679676
Show Author Affiliations
Jamie Bakos, Giffels Associates Ltd. (Canada)
Henry K. Miyamoto, Clean 16 Environmental Technologies Corp. (Canada)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6340:
Solar Hydrogen and Nanotechnology
Lionel Vayssieres, Editor(s)

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