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Proceedings Paper

Tomographic reconstruction of stellar wavefronts from multiple laser guide stars
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Paper Abstract

Experiments have been carried out at the MMT telescope in June 2005 and again in April 2006 to validate open loop tomographic wavefront reconstruction using five dynamically refocused Rayleigh laser beacons (RLGS) and multiple tilt natural guide stars (NGS). Wavefront sensing in this manner is recognized as a critical precursor to the development of adaptive optics for Extremely Large Telescopes. At the MMT, wavefronts from the laser beacons are recorded by five 60-element Shack-Hartmann sensors implemented on a single CCD. A wide-field camera measures image motion from multiple field stars to calculate global tilt and distinguish effects of contributions to second order aberrations from low and high altitude turbulence. Together, the signals from these sensors are used to estimate the first 45 Zernike modes in the wavefront of a star within the LGS constellation. The reconstruction is compared off line to simultaneous wavefront measurements made of the star with a separate Shack-Hartmann sensor. We will present the results in this paper and quantify the wavefront improvement expected from tomographic adaptive optics correction.

Paper Details

Date Published: 27 June 2006
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 6272, Advances in Adaptive Optics II, 627203 (27 June 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.672529
Show Author Affiliations
Christoph Baranec, Steward Observatory (United States)
Michael Lloyd-Hart, Steward Observatory (United States)
N. Mark Milton, Steward Observatory (United States)
Thomas Stalcup, Steward Observatory (United States)
Miguel Snyder, Steward Observatory (United States)
Roger Angel, Steward Observatory (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6272:
Advances in Adaptive Optics II
Brent L. Ellerbroek; Domenico Bonaccini Calia, Editor(s)

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