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Proceedings Paper

High-speed highly flexible reconfigurable data acquisition system for astronomy
Author(s): Bruce E. Pirger; Justin Schoenwald; Terry L. Herter; George E. Gull; Joseph D. Adams; Luke D. Keller; Marc Berthoud; Charles Henderson; Gordon J. Stacy; Thomas Nikola
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Paper Abstract

We have developed a high speed, flexible, data acquisition system and targeted it to astronomical imaging. The system is based on Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGAs) and provides a gigabit/sec fiber optic link between the electronics located on the instrument and the host computer. The FPGAs are reconfigurable over the fiber optic link for maximum flexibility. The system has initially been targeted at DRS Technologies' 256x256 Si:As and Si:Sb detectors used in FORCAST1, a mid-IR camera/spectrograph built by Cornell University for SOFIA. The initial configuration provides sixteen parallel channels of six Msamples/second 14-bit analog to digital converters. The system can coadd 256x256 images at over 1000 frames per second in up to 64 different memory positions. Array clocking and sampling is generated from uploaded clocking patterns in two independent memories. This configuration allows the user to quickly create, on the fly, any form of array clocking and sampling (destructive, non-destructive, sample up the ramp, additional reset frames, Fowler, single frames, co-added frames, multi-position chop, throw away frames, etc.) The electronics were designed in a modular fashion so that any number of analog channels from arrays or mosaics of arrays can be accommodated by using the appropriate number of FPGA boards and preamps. The preamp/analog to digital converter boards can be replaced as needed to operate any focal plane array or other sensor. The system also provides analog drive capability for controlling an X-Y chopping secondary mirror, nominal two position chopping, and can also synchronize to an externally driven chop source. Multiple array controllers can be synchronized together, allowing multi-channel systems to share a single chopping secondary, yet clock the focal planes differently from each other. Due to the flexibility of the FPGAs, it is possible to develop highly customized operating modes to maximize system performance or to enable novel observations and applications.

Paper Details

Date Published: 15 June 2006
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 6276, High Energy, Optical, and Infrared Detectors for Astronomy II, 62760X (15 June 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.672249
Show Author Affiliations
Bruce E. Pirger, Cornell Univ. (United States)
Justin Schoenwald, Cornell Univ. (United States)
Terry L. Herter, Cornell Univ. (United States)
George E. Gull, Cornell Univ. (United States)
Joseph D. Adams, Cornell Univ. (United States)
Luke D. Keller, Ithaca College (United States)
Marc Berthoud, Cornell Univ. (United States)
Charles Henderson, Cornell Univ. (United States)
Gordon J. Stacy, Cornell Univ. (United States)
Thomas Nikola, Cornell Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6276:
High Energy, Optical, and Infrared Detectors for Astronomy II
David A. Dorn; Andrew D. Holland, Editor(s)

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