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Proceedings Paper

A multi-layered thermal model of backup structures for mm-wavelength radio telescopes
Author(s): A. Greve; D. R. Smith; M. Bremer
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Paper Abstract

An unfavourable influence that degrades the performance of any millimeter wavelength radio telescope is the deformation of the reflector surface due to temperature differences in the supporting backup structure. To avoid, or at least reduce this influence, the backup structures are typically protected by a rear side cladding, insulation at the panel inner side, and ventilation or climatization of the air inside the backup structure. During the design of a mm-wavelength telescope, the layout of a thermal protection system is made, based on experience gained on other telescopes, and on thermal model calculations of the complete backup structure. The available thermal programs allow today the construction of a multi-layered backup structure model, consisting of the backup structure tube network, without and with ventilation/climatization, the panels, insulation behind the panels, and the rear side cladding. We provide a guideline for the construction of such a multi-layered thermal model, and demonstrate that realistic temperature gradients across and through a backup structure can be calculated. These gradients can be used in a finite element model to calculate the reflector surface deformations, which can be used in a diffraction program to calculate the radio beam pattern.

Paper Details

Date Published: 22 June 2006
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 6271, Modeling, Systems Engineering, and Project Management for Astronomy II, 62710K (22 June 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.671391
Show Author Affiliations
A. Greve, Institut de Radio Astronomie Millimétrique (France)
D. R. Smith, MERLAB, P.C. (United States)
M. Bremer, Institut de Radio Astronomie Millimétrique (France)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6271:
Modeling, Systems Engineering, and Project Management for Astronomy II
Martin J. Cullum; George Z. Angeli, Editor(s)

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